The story of Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty

The story of Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty

1. Inheriting the throne

The story of Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty

Qianlong was also called Hongli when he was young, and he was born different from ordinary children. Not only is he a good-looking talent, "long and straight", but also "naturally dignified", smart and dexterous. He began to study at the age of 6 and was taught by Fumin, a concubine. He could never forget it. When he was 11 years old, his father took him to meet his grandfather Emperor Kangxi in Luyue Yunkai, Yuanmingyuan. favorite. Kangxi ordered Hongli's grandmother Defei to take Hongli back to the palace to raise him carefully, and then asked Baylor Yinxi to teach him riding and shooting. During a hunt with Kangxi, Hongli faced the big bear that was rushing towards him with a "comfortable expression" and did not panic. He will definitely surpass me." In fact, Hongli surpassed Kangxi both in terms of ruling time and life expectancy, and he was indeed a blessed person.

Hongli is not only Kangxi's beloved grandson, but also Yongzheng's darling and Yongzheng's hope. In view of the lessons learned from the fierce and brutal struggles of the princes of the previous Qing dynasties for the reserve, Yongzheng made major reforms to the succession of the throne in August of the first year of Yongzheng (1723), less than a year after he succeeded to the throne, and created a secret Standing deposit system. Yongzheng's secret heir was Hongli, the fourth son of Yongzheng who had just turned 13 and was favored by Kangxi.

2. Changing the eunuch's surname

Qianlong strictly prohibited eunuchs from taking power. Qianlong's management of eunuchs was very strict, and eunuchs were not allowed to interfere in political affairs. In order to block the way for eunuchs to intervene in political affairs, he ordered the abolition of the Neishutang, which taught eunuchs to read and write, thinking that eunuchs only need to know a few words, and being educated is one of the reasons for eunuchs to exercise power. Qianlong also ordered that all eunuchs on errands should change their surnames to Wang, so that it would be difficult for foreign court officials to distinguish each other and cannot collude with each other. For eunuchs who violated the ban, Qianlong severely punished them and never tolerated them.

3. Compilation of "Siku Quanshu"

Qianlong's greatest cultural achievement was organizing the compilation of "Siku Quanshu". In the thirty-seventh year of Qianlong (1772), Anhui Xuezheng Zhu Yun asked to compile ancient lost classics from "Yongle Dadian". Qianlong believed that the bibliography of the Siku, based on classics, history, zi, and collections, was compiled and divided into collections. . In the thirty-eighth year of Qianlong (1773), the "Siku Quanshu" library was established, and the compilation work officially started. Qianlong appointed 16 people as the president, including the imperial clan king Yongshang, Liu Tongxun, and Yu Minzhong, and appointed Shangshi and other officials as the deputy general inspectors. The actual proofreaders were chief editors Ji Yun and LuTin Xiong, the head school official Lu Feichi, among them Ji Yun contributed the most. There are also 3826 scribes. In the fifty-second year of Qianlong (1787), the "Siku Quanshu" was completed, which lasted 15 years. After that, the contents of the books were checked repeatedly, proofreading errors and omissions, and adding a batch of books. It was not until the fifty-eighth year of Qianlong (1793) that the compilation work was completely completed.

"Si Ku Quan Shu" is the largest series of books in the history of our country. Kinds, 74,070 volumes, comprehensive, rich and vast, is a collection of ancient Chinese thought and culture, and has preserved and handed down many valuable ancient books.

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