The story of the general: how to evaluate Feng Zicai? What are his main achievements?



Feng Zicai, a famous general in the late Qing Dynasty, was born in 1818 AD and died in 1903 AD. He was born in Shawei Village, Qinzhou, Guangdong, with the style name Nangan and the name Cuiting. Feng Zicai's parents died since he was a child, and he lived in the Jianghu. He first joined the Guangdong Tiandihui uprising army, and then surrendered to the imperial court. He served as the admiral of Guangxi and Guizhou.



In the Xianfeng period, Xiang Rong and Zhang Guoliang suppressed the Taiping Army.



During the Tongzhi period, the Sino-French war broke out, and Feng Zicai, who was nearly 70 years old, was appointed as the assistant military affairs officer outside the Guangxi Customs. Although he is old, he still does not conceal his true qualities as a famous general. He defeated the French army at Zhennan Pass and won the last battle in the Sino-French War. He conquered Wenyuan and Lang Son, and severely damaged the French commander Nigri. The admiral of Yunnan resigned due to illness.



In the early years of Guangxu, when he was in his 80s, because of the needs of the country, he led his two sons to suppress the uprising, just in case he died in the war, Good aftermath. The bravery of the veteran is admirable, but also sad for that period of history. During the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895, he was transferred to be stationed in Zhenjiang, and finally became the admiral of Guizhou.



Feng Zicai was a hero who maintained the rule of the Qing Dynasty, but also a patriotic general and national hero who fought against foreign invaders. Qing History Manuscript: "Zicai's torso is not more than middle-aged, but Zhuyan Hefa, vigorous and vigorous, although young and strong. If you don't understand it as a deception in your life, you will be paid to monitor yourself. Even if it is a little shorter, you will be the one who is in charge of the army. He has been in the army for more than 40 years, and he is as cold as before. When he talks about Guoliang, he often tears, and everyone is called a good general."

The story of the general: how to evaluate Feng Zicai? What are his main achievements?



Kang Zuyi praised him: "The former enemies Song Qing and Wei Guangtao , Li Guangjiu, Feng Zicai, a veteran general, and popular for a while, you can consult the general, use it cheaply, and use it to choose him to hate shame."



Jiang Jinhui commented on Feng Zicai in his article: "Feng Zicai has been aware of During the 30 years to 1900, when France coveted the ambition of China and Vietnam, whether it was the battle with the French army on the battlefield of Zhennanguan, or the demarcation of the Sino-French border, the suppression of chaos in Hainan Island, the supervision of Qingqing defense, and even During the Sino-Japanese War, the Gengzi Incident, and other military operations, the anti-French complex in his heart could not be let go for a day, showing the true qualities of a national hero who always puts the country's society as the most important thing and does not give up an inch of land to the motherland."



Although most people today have a positive attitude towards Feng Zicai, there are still people who have different views. They believe that Feng Zicai's fight against France is indeed worthy of the respect of future generations. But he first participated in the Tiandihui uprising against the rule of the Qing Dynasty.The Qing Dynasty helped the Qing Dynasty to suppress various rebels, so it was inevitable that Uncle Snake would be suspected of both ends. In addition, he defended the rule of the Qing Dynasty and was a real traitor.



The above statement is not wrong. Feng Zicai did join the rebel army of the Tiandihui in Guangdong at the beginning, and surrendered to the Qing Dynasty in 1851, but this does not deny what he did historical feat. In addition, what the editor wants to say is that it is better to be tolerant and let go than to blindly grasp the mistakes of others. The editor believes that Feng Zicai's family was poor when he was a child, and his participation in the peasant uprising may be due to factors of the current situation and the general environment, or factors of his own survival, so there is no need to entangle too much.



The most commendable thing Feng Zicai has done in his life is that he was brave and resourceful when fighting against the French invasion, defeated the French army, and won the last battle in the Sino-French War The victory made France request an armistice and signed the first contract of no cession of land and no compensation.



When Feng Zicai was nearly 70 years old, the Sino-French War broke out. In January 1885, the French army launched a war and occupied the strategically important Lang Son in February. Yang Yuke, the general of the Qing army guarding Wenyuan, was killed by a cannon, and his subordinates collapsed. Feng Zicai rushed to the front line, quickly regrouped the army, and formulated a strategy against the enemy.



Feng Zicai analyzed the situation of both the enemy and us, and then went to the front line to survey all the mountain passes from Banshan to the shogunate. He first sent the 5th Battalion of the "Cuijun" to Koubo, and sent Su Yuanchun and Wei Gang's troops to herd horses to block the passage of the French army. The offensive deployment of the assembled French troops was chaotic. When the French army launched an offensive, they seized the opportunity and fought quickly, which caught the French army by surprise. Later, he used the generals of the French army to quickly save face, and gave the French army a hard blow, and finally won the victory of Zhennanguan.

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